ORCHIDS ASIA provides a range of orchids like Dendrobiums, Arandas, Arantheras, Mokaras, Vandas, Cattleyas, Phalenopsis, Oncidiums, Cymbidiums and other intergenerics. Plants in small, medium, and blooming sizes are available
Orchids, Anthuriums, Heliconias, Pineapple, Foliage
Plants of the diverse genus Epidendrum are native to the tropical Americas, from South Carolina (Epidendrum conopseum) south through Mexico and Central America to Argentina. These orchids are extremely variable in habitat requirements. They can be found at elevations from sea level to 12,000 feet, growing in climes ranging from seasonally dry tropical forests to grassy slopes in full sun to hot steamy jungles to cool, damp cloud forests. Most are epiphytic, many are lithophytic and still others are terrestrial. They are now worldwide in distribution introduced and naturalized in most subtropical and tropical countries, including well-watered yards in Southern California and in South Florida.
The number of species in the genus varies varies depending on which taxonomist you ask. At one time, the genus Epidendrum included those plants now classified as the genus Encyclia (around 250 species), Osterdella (40 to 70 species, many in isolated areas and perhaps extinct in the wild), Psychilus (15 species) and Nanodes (30 species), which includes the species Epidendrum porpax and Epidendrum medusae. Current estimates place the number of Epidendrum species at around 1100.
Some of well known epidendrums are Epidendrum Secundum, Epidendrum radicans, Epidendrum ibaguense, Epidendrum cinnabarinum, Oerstedella pseudowallisii, Oerstedella centradenia, Oerstedella schweinfurthiana, Epidendrum raniferum, Epidendrum pseudepidendrum, Epidendrum parkinsonianum etc.
Reed-stem epidendrums are easy to grow plants in a garden landscape and green house; they are easy to care for, affordable, widely available, tolerant of diverse growing conditions and are robust growers with many flowers in every color of the rainbow. -source AOS.
They grow readily in almost any setting, whether in a pot, mounted on a cork slab, or in raised flowerbeds outdoors, as climate permits. Some volunteer plants have even sprouted on the roof of the greenhouse.
These orchids require copious amounts of fertilizer. When fertilized regularly they respond immediately with denser flower spikes, greener, stronger leaves and more robust roots.
Use any balanced fertilizer according to manufacturers' recommendations. Plants grown in lower light (such as inside in northern climates) need less nitrogen; high nitrogen fertilizer in low light will result in long, leggy, straggling growths.
Reed-stem epidendrums need bright light, even full sun, for strong, sturdy growths.
These orchids are generally forgiving of water frequency and quality. Be sure to water copiously, letting water drain out of the bottom of the vessel, to prevent mineral buildup in the mix. Keep the roots moist year round, but, as for most orchids, do not let the plant sit in water.
They can tolerate a wide range of temperatures and most can handle near-freezing conditions. As a rule, provide day temperatures of 60 to 90 F (and 30 to 70 F at night). In northern latitudes, move the plant outside after the threat of frost has passed, being careful to avoid sun burning the leaves when moving plants outside in the spring.
At the first hint of frost in the autumn, bring the plants indoors, but be sure to check for and remove any insects. Note that Epidendrum cinnabarinum and many of its primary hybrids are not tolerant of low temperatures (below 55 F) for extended periods.
For Epidendrum secundum, Epidendrum radicans and Epidendrum ibaguense, almost any planting mix will do, because these are extremely tolerant of soil conditions. These three species make a spectacular display in raised planter beds or in tubs or pots. You can use old potting mix from your other orchids for potting these epidendrums, but it should be sterilized.
Otherwise, use a potting mix, or make your own mix or large or small bark amended with any combination of perlite, moss, charcoal, sand or gravel. Either a plastic or clay pot is fine (clay needs watering more often). Repotting or replacing raised beds is generally not necessary, although plants do need to be top-dressed with additional mix as the mix decomposes or is washed away during watering.