ORCHIDS ASIA provides a range of orchids like Dendrobiums, Arandas, Arantheras, Mokaras, Vandas, Cattleyas, Phalenopsis, Oncidiums, Cymbidiums and other intergenerics. Plants in small, medium, and blooming sizes are available
Orchids, Anthuriums, Heliconias, Pineapple, Foliage
Phalaenopsis known as the Moth Orchid, abbreviated Phal in the horticultural trade, is an orchid genus of approximately 60 species. Phalaenopsis is one of the most popular orchids in the trade, through the development of many artificial hybrids. It is native to southern China, the Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia (Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, etc.), New Guinea, the Bismark Archipelago, and Queensland.
Most are epiphytic shade plants; a few are lithophytes.In the wild, some species grow below the canopies of moist and humid lowland forests, protected against direct sunlight; others grow in seasonally dry or cool environments. The species have adapted individually to these three habitats.
Possessing neither pseudobulbs nor rhizome, Phalaenopsis shows a monopodial growth habit: a single growing stem produces one or two alternate, thick, fleshy, elliptical leaves a year from the top while the older, basal leaves drop off at the same rate. If very healthy, a Phalaenopsis plant can have up to ten or more leaves.
The flower spikes appear from the pockets near the base of each leaf. The first sign is a light green "mitten-like" object that protrudes from the basal leaf tissue. Over about three months the spike elongates until it begins to swell fat buds which will bloom.
It was previously believed that flowering is triggered by a night-time drop in temperature of around 5 to 6 degrees over two to four consecutive weeks, usually in the fall, and a day-time drop in temperature to below 29 °C (84 °F). Using two Phalaenopsis clones, Matthew G. Blanchard and Erik S. Runkle (2006) established that, other culture conditions being optimal, flower initiation is controlled by daytime temperatures declining below 27 °C (81 °F), with a definite inhibition of flowering at temperatures exceeding 29 °C (84 °F). The long-held belief that reduced evening temperatures control flower initiation in Phalaenopsis is shown to be false. Rather, lower daytime temperatures influence flowering, while night time temperatures do not appear to have any effect.
Moth orchids like bright indirect sunlight. They like indirect light from east to west. Do not place phalaenopsis in full sun. Phal leaves always tells the story- leaves should be medium green, and firm. Floppy long dark green leaves means that the phal is not getting enough light.
Phalaenopsis orchids are considered warm growing orchids. They need night-time temperature lows of about 65F (18C) and tolerate day-time temperature highs of about 85F (29C). A slight variation in these are accomodated and they like a photo period and difference of 10* between day and night regimes.This night time temperature drop is required by many moth orchids if they are to bloom. They like very good air ventilation so that the plant can get dried and be ready to receive watering
Moth orchids are epiphytic--they grow on other trees, with roots clinging to the bark and exposed. Most hobbyists grow phalaenopsis in pots since its far more convenient. Moth orchids receive frequent rainfall during their growing season--the roots are wet thoroughly, but dry out a bit, before they are wet again.It is better to grow phals hanging down to prevent water getting locked in the leaf axils as it may induce leaf rot.
Based on media watering should be adjusted so that root zone is wetted properly and dry out between the waterings.
Phalaenopsis orchids potted in a bark mix, use an orchid fertilizer with a higher nitrogen content (such as 30-10-10) or a slow release formulation. For those plants in a peat-based mix, or sphagnum moss, a balanced 20-20-20 formulation or 20-10-20 is fine. A dosage of high P and High K will work during flowering periods to help achieve strong flowers.
Phalaenopsis are among the most popular orchids sold as potted plants, owing to the ease of propagation and flowering under artificial conditions. They were among the first tropical orchids in collections. Since the advent of the tetraploid hybrid Phalaenopsis Doris, they have become extremely easy to grow and flower in the home, as long as some care is taken to provide them with conditions that approximate their native habitats. Their commercial production has become an industry.
Natural Phal Hybrids
Phalaenopsis × amphitrita (P. sanderiana × P. stuartiana; Mindanao - Philippines)
Phalaenopsis × gersenii (P. sumatrana × P. violacea; Borneo, Sumatra)
Phalaenopsis hieroglyphica × lueddemanniana (P. hieroglyphica x P. lueddemanniana; Philippines)
Phalaenopsis × intermedia (P. aphrodite × P. equestris; Star of Leyte; Leyte - Philippines) (First recognized Phalaenopsis hybrid)
Phalaenopsis × intermedia var. Diezii (P. aphrodite × P. equestris; Star of Leyte; Leyte - Philippines)
Phalaenopsis × leucorrhoda (P. aphrodite × P. schilleriana; Luzon - Philippines)
Phalaenopsis × rothschildiana (P. amabilis × P. schilleriana; Luzon - Philippines)
Phalaenopsis x schilleriano-stuartiana (P. schilleriana × P. stuartiana; Leyte - Philippines)
Phalaenopsis × singuliflora (P. bellina × P. sumatrana; Borneo)
Phalaenopsis × veitchiana (P. equestris × P. schilleriana; Luzon and Leyte - Philippines)
Intensive cross-fertilization has produced a great number of hybrids in all colors and variations. These are usually more adaptable to artificial conditions than their botanical ancestors. Many are hybrids of Phalaenopsis amabilis, Phalaenopsis schilleriana or Phalaenopsis stuartiana.
Normally Blooming plants age from 12 month to 18 month or can be more based on the plant type. A blooming plant is a show piece by itself and can be used to decor gardens, patios, receptions or office or hospitality industry needs and they serve to live more longer in interior environments. Most classic example is the once used in airports, lounges and hotel lobbies.
- ×Aeridopsis (Aerides × Phalaenopsis)
- ×Arachnopsis (Arachnis × Phalaenopsis)
- ×Asconopsis (Ascocentrum × Phalaenopsis)
- ×Beardara (Ascocentrum × Doritis × Phalaenopsis)
- ×Bogardara (Ascocentrum × Phalaenopsis × Vanda × Vandopsis)
- ×Bokchoonara (Arachnis × Ascocentrum × Phalaenopsis × Vanda)
- ×Cleisonopsis (Cleisocentron × Phalaenopsis)
- ×Devereuxara (Ascocentrum × Phalaenopsis × Vanda)
- ×Diplonopsis (Diploprora × Phalaenopsis)
- ×Doriellaopsis (Doritis × Kingiella × Phalaenopsis)
- ×Doritaenopsis (Doritis × Phalaenopsis)
- ×Dresslerara (Ascoglossum × Phalaenopsis × Renanthera )
- ×Edeara (Arachnis × Phalaenopsis × Renanthera × Vandopsis)
- ×Ernestara (Phalaenopsis × Renanthera × Vandopsis)
- ×Eurynopsis (Eurychone × Phalaenopsis)
- ×Hagerara (Doritis × Phalaenopsis × Vanda)
- ×Hausermannara (Doritis × Phalaenopsis × Vandopsis)
- ×Himoriara (Ascocentrum × Phalaenopsis × Rhynchostylis × Vanda)
- ×Isaoara (Aerangis × Ascocentrum × Phalaenopsis × Vanda)
- ×Laycockara (Arachnis × Phalaenopsis × Vandopsis)
- ×Lichtara (Doritis × Gastrochilus × Phalaenopsis)
- ×Luinopsis (Luisia × Phalaenopsis)
- ×Lutherara (Phalaenopsis × Renanthera × Rhynchostylis )
- ×Macekara (Arachnis × Phalaenopsis × Renanthera × Vanda × Vandopsis)
- ×Meechaiara (Ascocentrum × Doritis × Phalaenopsis × Rhynchostylis × Vanda)
- ×Moirara (Phalaenopsis × Renanthera × Vanda)
- ×Nakagawaara (Aerides × Doritis × Phalaenopsis)
- ×Owensara (Doritis × Phalaenopsis × Renanthera )
- ×Parnataara (Aerides × Arachnis × Phalaenopsis)
- ×Paulara (Ascocentrum × Doritis × Phalaenopsis × Renanthera × Vanda)
- ×Pepeara (Ascocentrum × Doritis × Phalaenopsis × Renanthera )
- ×Phalaerianda (Aerides × Phalaenopsis × Vanda)
- ×Phalandopsis (Phalaenopsis × Vandopsis)
- ×Phalanetia (Neofinetia × Phalaenopsis)
- ×Phaliella (Kingiella × Phalaenopsis)
- ×Phalphalaenopsis (Phalaenopsis × Paraphalaenopsis)
- ×Pooleara (Ascocentrum × Ascoglossum × Phalaenopsis × Renanthera )
- ×Renanthopsis (Phalaenopsis × Renanthera )
- ×Rhynchonopsis (Phalaenopsis × Rhynchostylis)
- ×Rhyndoropsis (Doritis × Phalaenopsis × Rhynchostylis)
- ×Richardmizutaara (Ascocentrum × Phalaenopsis × Vandopsis)
- ×Roseara (Doritis × Kingiella × Phalaenopsis × Renanthera )
- ×Sappanara (Arachnis × Phalaenopsis × Renanthera)
- ×Sarconopsis (Phalaenopsis × Sarcochilus)
- ×Sidranara (Ascocentrum × Phalaenopsis × Renanthera)
- ×Sladeara (Doritis × Phalaenopsis × Sarcochilus)
- ×Stamariaara (Ascocentrum × Phalaenopsis × Renanthera × Vanda)
- ×Sutingara (Arachnis × Ascocentrum × Phalaenopsis × Vanda × Vandopsis)
- ×Trautara (Doritis × Luisia × Phalaenopsis)
- ×Trevorara (Arachnis × Phalaenopsis × Vanda)
- ×Trichonopsis (Phalaenopsis × Trichoglottis)
- ×Uptonara (Phalaenopsis × Rhynchostylis × Sarcochilus)
- ×Vandaenopsis (Phalaenopsis × Vanda)
- ×Vandewegheara (Ascocentrum × Doritis × Phalaenopsis × Vanda)
- ×Yapara (Phalaenopsis × Rhynchostylis × Vanda)
- ×Yeepengara (Aerides × Phalaenopsis × Rhynchostylis × Vanda)